Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Jersey is a British Crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the EU. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.



Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France

Geographic coordinates

49 15 N, 2 10 W

Map references



total: 116 sq km
land: 116 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative

about two-thirds the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries

0 km


70 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm


temperate; mild winters and cool summers


gently rolling plain with low, rugged hills along north coast


mean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation 143 m

Natural resources

arable land

Land use

agricultural land: 66%
arable land 66%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 0%
other: 34% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land


Natural hazards


Environment - current issues


Geography - note

largest and southernmost of Channel Islands; about 30% of population concentrated in Saint Helier

People and Society

Ethnic groups

Jersey 46.4%, British 32.7%, Portuguese/Madeiran 8.2%, Polish 3.3%, Irish, French, and other white 7.1%, other 2.4% (2011 est.)


98,069 (July 2016 est.)


noun: Channel Islander(s)
adjective: Channel Islander


English 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)


Protestant (Anglican, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian), Roman Catholic

Age structure

0-14 years: 16.1% (male 8,169/female 7,616)
15-24 years: 14.23% (male 7,187/female 6,768)
25-54 years: 41.18% (male 20,215/female 20,170)
55-64 years: 12.38% (male 5,931/female 6,209)
65 years and over: 16.12% (male 6,731/female 9,073) (2016 est.)

Birth rate

12.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 47%
youth dependency ratio: 21.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 25.4%
potential support ratio: 3.9%
note: data represent the Channel Islands (2015 est.)

Median age

total: 38.5 years
male: 36.2 years
female: 41.2 years (2016 est.)

Population growth rate

0.79% (2016 est.)

Death rate

7.7 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)

Net migration rate

3.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)

Population distribution

fairly even distribution; no notable trends


urban population: 31.4% of total population (2014)
rate of urbanization: 0.76% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
note: data are for the Channel Islands

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 81.9 years
male: 79.4 years
female: 84.5 years (2016 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.66 children born/woman (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS


HIV/AIDS - deaths



Country name

conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jersey
conventional short form: Jersey
etymology: the name is of Old Norse origin, but the meaning of the root "Jer(s)" is uncertain; the "-ey" ending means "island"

Government type

parliamentary democracy (Assembly of the States of Jersey); a Crown dependency of the UK

Dependency status

British crown dependency


name: Saint Helier
geographic coordinates: 49 11 N, 2 06 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative divisions

none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 12 parishes; Grouville, Saint Brelade, Saint Clement, Saint Helier, Saint John, Saint Lawrence, Saint Martin, Saint Mary, Saint Ouen, Saint Peter, Saint Saviour, and Trinity


none (British crown dependency)

National holiday

Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)


history: unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
amendments: proposals introduced to the Assembly of the States of Jersey by a government minister, by an Assembly member, or by an elected parish head; passage requires several Assembly readings, a majority vote by the Assembly, review by the UK Ministry of Justice, and approval by the British monarch (Royal Assent) (2016)

Legal system

the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply; local statutes


see United Kingdom


16 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor (currently vacant); Sir Stephen DALTON will take office in Marach 2017
head of government: Chief Minister Ian GORST (since 18 November 2011); Bailiff William BAILHACHE (since 29 January 2015)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed individually by the states
elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; Council of Ministers including the chief minister indirectly elected by the Assembly of States; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch

Legislative branch

description: unicameral Assembly of the States of Jersey (49 elected members; 8 senators to serve 6-year terms, and 29 deputies and 12 connetables, or heads of parishes, to serve 3-year terms; 5 non-voting members appointed by the monarch include the bailiff, lieutenant governor, dean of Jersey, attorney general, and the solicitor general)
elections: last held on 15 October 2014 (next to be held in 2017)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 49

Judicial branch

highest court(s): Jersey Court of Appeal (consists of the bailiff, deputy bailiff, and 12 judges and organized into Heritage, Family, Probate, and Civil and Criminal Divisions); Royal Court (consists of the bailiff, deputy bailiff, 6 commissioners and lay people referred to as jurats)
judge selection and term of office: Jersey Court of Appeal bailiffs and judges appointed by the Crown upon the advice of the Secretary of State for Justice; bailiffs and judges appointed for extent of good behavior; Royal Court bailiffs appointed by the Crown upon the advice of the Secretary of State for Justice; commissioners appointed by the bailiff; jurats appointed by the Electoral College; bailiffs and commissioners appointed for extent of good behavior; jurats appointed until retirement at age 72
subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court; Youth Court; Petty Debts Court; Parish Hall Enquires (a process of preliminary investigation into youth and minor adult offenses to determine need for presentation before a court)

Political parties and leaders

one registered party:
Reform Jersey [Sam MEZEC]

note: most senators and deputies sit as independents

Political pressure groups and leaders

Institute of Directors, Jersey branch (provides business support)
Jersey Hospitality Association [Ian BARNES] (trade association)
Jersey Rights Association [David ROTHERHAM] (human rights)
La Societe Jersiaise (education and conservation group)
Progress Jersey [Daren O'TOOLE, Gino RISOLI] (human rights)
Royal Jersey Agriculture and Horticultural Society or RJA&HS (development and management of the Jersey breed of cattle)
Save Jersey's Heritage (protects heritage through building preservation)

Diplomatic representation in the US

none (British Crown dependency)

Diplomatic representation from the US

none (British Crown dependency)

Flag description

white with a diagonal red cross extending to the corners of the flag; in the upper quadrant, surmounted by a yellow crown, a red shield with three lions in yellow; according to tradition, the ships of Jersey - in an attempt to differentiate themselves from English ships flying the horizontal cross of St. George - rotated the cross to the "X" (saltire) configuration; because this arrangement still resembled the Irish cross of St. Patrick, the yellow Plantagenet crown and Jersey coat of arms were added

National symbol(s)

Jersey cow; national colors: red, white

National anthem

name: "Isle de Siez Nous" (Island Home)
lyrics/music: Gerard LE FEUVRE
note: adopted 2008; serves as a local anthem; as a British Crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)


Economy - overview

Jersey's economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 2010, the financial services sector accounted for about 50% of the island's output. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export cr

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$5.771 billion (FY12/13 est.)
$5.786 billion (FY11/12)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate)

$5.771 billion (FY 2012/13 est.)

GDP - real growth rate

-0.3% (FY12/13 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$57,000 (2005 est.)

GDP - composition, by sector of origin

agriculture: 2%
industry: 2%
services: 96% (2010)

Agriculture - products

potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes; beef, dairy products


tourism, banking and finance, dairy, electronics

Industrial production growth rate


Labor force

53,380 (June 2012)

Unemployment rate

1.7% (2012 est.)
2.2% (2006 est.)

Population below poverty line


Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%


revenues: $829 million
expenditures: $851 million (2005)

Taxes and other revenues

14.4% of GDP (2005)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)

-0.4% of GDP (2005)

Fiscal year

1 April - 31 March

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

3.7% (2006)

Market value of publicly traded shares




Exports - commodities

light industrial and electrical goods, dairy cattle, foodstuffs, textiles, flowers



Imports - commodities

machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, mineral fuels, chemicals

Debt - external


Exchange rates

Jersey pounds (JEP) per US dollar
0.607 (2014)
0.607 (2013)
0.6542 (2012)
0.6391 (2011 est.)


Electricity - access

electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

Electricity - consumption

630.1 million kWh (2004 est.)


Telephones - fixed lines

total subscriptions: 73,800
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 80 (July 2010 est.)

Telephones - mobile cellular

total: 112,400
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 117 (July 2013 est.)

Telephone system

general assessment: modern system with broadband access
domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available
international: country code - 44; submarine cable connectivity to Guernsey, the UK, and France (2015)

Broadcast media

multiple UK terrestrial TV broadcasts are received via a transmitter in Jersey; satellite packages available; BBC Radio Jersey and 1 other radio station operating (2009)

Internet country code


Internet users

total: 58,000
percent of population: 59.6% (July 2015 est.)


National air transport system

number of registered air carriers: 2 (registered in UK)
inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 11 (registered in UK) (2015)


1 (2013)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)


total: 576 km (2010)

Merchant marine

registered in other countries: 14 (Gibraltar 1, India 2, Marshall Islands 11) (2010)

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint Helier


Military - note

defense is the responsibility of the UK

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international